Arthavaan Vol 6 Dec 2023 is available in print also

Arthavaan, Vol 6, Issue 1, December 2023

Eco-Friendly HR for Sustainable Futures: A Comprehensive Bibliometric Exploration of Green Human Resource Management Practices

Dr. Savita Rastogi, Associate Professor, Jesus and Mary college, Commerce, University of Delhi,

Ms. Shivani Kishnani, Assistant Professor, Jesus and Mary college, Commerce, University of Delhi, 

Ms. Simona Dutta, Assistant Professor, Jesus and Mary college, Commerce, University of Delhi, 


This  research  paper  provides  a  comprehensive examination  of  the  challenges  and  opportunities associated with the implementation of Green Human Resource  Management  (GHRM)  practices  within organizations. The primary objective is to align human resource strategies with the United Nations’ sustainable development  goals  for  2030.  This  study  integrates descriptive  bibliometric  analysis,  data  visualization using VOSviewer software, and thematic analysis.The  findings  shed  light  on  various  challenges,  such as  employee  resistance,  knowledge  gaps,  limited resources,  cultural  disparities,  and  resistance  from top management. In response, the paper advocates for GHRM initiatives encompassing energy conservation, adoption  of  a  paperless  office,  water  conservation, green buildings, recycling, waste management, and the introduction of green incentives.The paper suggests that future studies could explore sector-specific or region-specific GHRM challenges, evaluate technological and policy  impacts,  and  investigate  the  interdisciplinary integration  of  GHRM  with  broader  sustainability frameworks.


COVID-19,  Green  Human  Resource Management,  Environmental  Sustainability,  HR Challenges, Green initiatives and Bibliometric analysis


1. Amrutha, V. N., & Geetha, S. N. (2020). A systematic review on green human resource management: Implications for social sustainability. Journal  of  Cleaner  Production,  247(119131), 119131. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119131

2. Anlesinya,  A.,  &  Susomrith,  P.  (2020).  Sustainable  human  resource  management:  a  systematic  review  of  a  developing  field. Journal  of  Global  Responsibility,   11(3),   295–324.   doi:10.1108/jgr-04-2019-0038

3. Aust, I., Matthews, B., & Muller-Camen, M. (2020). Common Good  HRM:  A  paradigm  shift  in  Sustainable  HRM?  Human Resource Management Review, 30(3),  100705.  doi:10.1016/j.hrmr.2019.100705

4. Baier-Fuentes,  H.,  Merigó,  J.  M.,  Amorós,  J.  E.,  &  Gaviria-Marín, M. (2019). International entrepreneurship: a bibliometric overview. International  Entrepreneurship  and  Management Journal, 15(2), 385–429. doi:10.1007/s11365-017-0487-y5. Bellucci,  M.,  Marzi,  G.,  Orlando,  B.,  &  Ciampi,  F.  (2021).  Journal  of  Intellectual  Capital:  a  review  of  emerging  themes  and future trends. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 22(4), 744–767. doi:10.1108/jic-10-2019-0239

6. Bombiak,    E.,    &    Marciniuk-Kluska,    A.    (2018).    Green    human  resource  management  as  a  tool  for  the  sustainable  development of enterprises: Polish young company experience. Sustainability, 10(6), 1739. doi:10.3390/su10061739

7. Chadegani, A. A., Salehi, H., Yunus, M. M., Farhadi, H., Fooladi, M., Farhadi, M., & Ebrahim, N. A. (2013). A comparison between two main academic literature collections: Web of science and Scopus databases. Asian Social Science, 9(5). doi:10.5539/ass.v9n5p18

8. Deshwal, P. (2015). Green HRM: An organizational strategy of greening. Retrieved November 14, 2023, from website: 12-161-libre.pdf?1515144103=&response-content-disposition=inline%3B+filename%3DGreen_HRM_An_organizational_strategy_of.pdf&Expires=1699983411&Signature=T3y9dQReeO3bV0e5Wl5w-UPG5eOw9SpZwMoEG6nzwdjuirpmRiVNmzao8wbDo3hMpEVAnzTOd~OC39F3EW2i8n70s-Bb834pNnk6Dh6DZmBYljw8GWGyDG3jw6QJWwilX~E8rCUdB5U~swKoHoCduwRYgw4~a9jSfJc0PckMs bWy6NMThOu32jB7CjaiDBP4UX6BJG~7f289Np3U5yzo97T~J8eJylWiGn97R0SM5C1yMz6kD0OmTgRHEyBbo4jtPR0K981m0VGTcyRfGbj00G8~mjjSYQQn4c qQ4JAObgpTG1U4glHRuYrp5iOKUtZtDhE50GG5P5U GQ8~zlqIjfA__&Key-Pair-Id=APKAJLOHF5GGS LRBV4ZA

9. Dumont, J., Shen, J., & Deng, X. (2017). Effects of Green HRM Practices on Employee Workplace Green Behavior: The Role of Psychological Green Climate and Employee Green Values: Effect of green HRM on employee workplace green behavior. Human Resource Management, 56(4), 613–627. doi:10.1002/ hrm.21792

10. Hameed, Z., Naeem, R. M., Hassan, M., Naeem, M., Nazim, M., & Maqbool, A. (2022). How GHRM is related to green creativity? A moderated mediation model of green transformational leadership and green perceived organizational support. International Journal of Manpower, 43(3), 595– 613. doi:10.1108/ijm-05-2020-0244

11. Hooi, L. W., Liu, M.-S., & Lin, J. J. J. (2022). Green human resource management and green organizational citizenship behavior: do green culture and green values matter? International Journal of Manpower, 43(3), 763–785. doi:10.1108/ijm-05-2020-0247

12. Ikpaahindi, L. (1985). An   overview   of   bibliometrics: Its measurements, laws and their applications. 35, 163. Retrieved from openview/24d60 229b8fa11358 5ba9a6820914992/1?pq-

13. Jia, J., Liu, H., Chin, T., & Hu, D. (2018). The continuous mediating effects of GHRM on employees’ green passion via transformational leadership and green creativity. Sustainability, 10(9), 3237. doi:10.3390/su10093237

14. Jose Chiappetta Jabbour, C. (2011). How green are HRM practices, organizational culture, learning and teamwork? A Brazilian study. Industrial and Commercial Training, 43(2), 98–105. doi:10.1108/00197851111108926

15. Kainzbauer, A., & Rungruang, P. (2019). Science mapping the knowledge base on sustainable human resource management, 1982–2019. Sustainability, 11(14), 3938. doi:10.3390/su11143938

16. Kazi,S.(2009).Managerialdecision-makingbehaviorandimpact of culture : experience from three countries: India, Bangladesh and Finland. Retrieved November 14, 2023, from website:

17. Kim, S.-H., & Choi, Y. (2013). Hotel employees’ perception of green practices. International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, 14(2), 157–178. doi:10.1080/152564 80.2013.782220

18. Malik, S. Y., Hayat Mughal, Y., Azam, T., Cao, Y., Wan, Z., Zhu, H., & Thurasamy, R. (2021). Corporate social responsibility, green human resources management, and sustainable performance: Is organizational citizenship behavior towards environment the missing link? Sustainability, 13(3), 1044. doi:10.3390/ su13031044

19. Mandip, G. (2012). Green HRM: People management commitment to environmental sustainability. Retrieved November 13, 2023, from website: https:// 18CLM-Com-03-libre.pdf?


disposition=inline%3B+filename%3DGreen_HRM_ People_Management_Commitment_t.pdf&Expires=169 9879656&Signature=Vr2S~DhZZ2ch4fj~U2kM0bF6ILI6 9Xxq3C4BxOI6upjvbDQjFy~~1GvHTPPAkmVYppRzc4 LQHrL KownIkj9VF5WDln35aAG4t36ExPl4EXz2qEG46G IaUaDjsN5N9gJvnW~-4zYynEVwb3i6srMSujbvqSpkgPL- bRGyeQTSjjQclvEv4LeLScpOYOFdVBjN9d-Lc43- 4P9QQl1pSQA2PiKzvUm8XLK0-r-VRc5IAQKrRFpno~YFc h2iXDAKZL~ny4A2tD4Ai4ef8m5fFjTD8QaO2ODngsJdxO 2ySrwSf8tQZ7hDXjmWMMFzpt1Mw2XsY0l9xLsKwxWAE mbNEVnxg &Key-Pair-Id=APKAJLOHF5GGSLRBV4ZA

20. Mousa, S. K., & Othman, M. (2020). The impact of green human resource management practices on sustainable performance in healthcare organisations: A conceptual framework. Journal of Cleaner Production, 243(118595), 118595. doi:10.1016/j. jclepro.2019.118595

21. Ogbeibu, S., Emelifeonwu, J., Senadjki, A., Gaskin, J., & Kaivo-oja, J. (2020). Technological turbulence and greening of team creativity, product innovation, and human resource management: Implications for sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production, 244(118703), 118703. doi:10.1016/j. jclepro.2019.118703

22. Ojo, A. O., Tan, C. N.-L., & Alias, M. (2022). Linking green HRM practices to environmental performance through pro- environment behaviour in the information technology sector. Social Responsibility Journal, 18(1), 1–18.doi:10.1108/srj-12- 2019-0403

23. Olateju, A. O., Aminu, A. W., & Danmola, R. A. (2020). Green human resources management (green hrm) and sustainable development: Prospects and challenges. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review, 10(3). Retrieved from article/view/630

24. Opatha, H. H. D. N. P., & Arulrajah, A. A. (2014). Green human resource management: Simplified general reflections. International Business Research, 7(8). doi:10.5539/ibr. v7n8p101

25. Paillé, P., Chen, Y., Boiral, O., & Jin, J. (2014). The impact of human resource management on environmental performance: An employee-level study. Journal of Business Ethics, 121(3), 451–466. doi:10.1007/s10551-013-1732-0

26. Perianes-Rodriguez, A., Waltman, L., & van Eck, N. J. (2016). Constructing bibliometric networks: A comparison between full and fractional counting. Journal of Informetrics, 10(4), 1178–1195. doi:10.1016/j.joi.2016.10.006

27. Pham, N. T., Hoang, H. T., & Phan, Q. P. T. (2019). Green human resource management: a comprehensive review and future research agenda. International Journal of Manpower, 41(7), 845–878. doi:10.1108/ijm-07-2019-0350

28. Piwowar-Sulej, K. (2021). Core functions of Sustainable Human Resource Management. A hybrid literature review with the use of H‐Classics methodology. Sustainable Development, 29(4), 671–693. doi:10.1002/sd.2166

29. Piwowar-Sulej, K. (2022). Environmental strategies and human resource development consistency: Research in the manufacturing industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 330(129538), 129538. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129538

30. Ren, S., Tang, G., & E. Jackson, S. (2018). Green human resource management research in emergence: A review and future directions. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 35(3), 769–803. doi:10.1007/s10490-017-9532-1

31. Renwick, D. W. S., Redman, T., & Maguire, S. (2013). Green human resource management: A review and research agenda: Green human resource management. International Journal of Management Reviews, 15(1), 1–14. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2370.2011.00328.x

32. Santana, Monica, & Lopez-Cabrales, A. (2019). Sustainable development and human resource management: A science mapping approach. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 26(6), 1171–1183. doi:10.1002/ csr.1765

33. Santana, Mónica, Morales-Sánchez, R., & Pasamar, S. (2020). Mapping the link between Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Human Resource Management (HRM): How is this relationship measured? Sustainability, 12(4), 1678. doi:10.3390/su12041678

34. Singh, S. K., Giudice, M. D., Chierici, R., & Graziano, D. (2020). Green innovation and environmental performance: The role of green transformational leadership and green human resource management. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 150(119762), 119762. doi:10.1016/j. techfore.2019.119762

35. Stahl, G. K., Brewster, C. J., Collings, D. G., & Hajro, A. (2020). Enhancing the role of human resource management in corporate sustainability and social responsibility: A multi- stakeholder, multidimensional approach to HRM. Human Resource Management Review, 30(3), 100708. doi:10.1016/j. hrmr.2019.100708

36. Ullah, M. M. (2017). Integrating environmental sustainabbility into human resources management: A comprehensive review on green human resources management (green hrm) practices. Retrieved November 14, 2023, from website: Understanding the Transformational Challenge for Developed Countries. (n.d.). United Nations Publications.

37. van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2010). Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics, 84(2), 523–538.doi:10.1007/s11192-009- 0146-3

38. Yong, J. Y., Yusliza, M.-Y., & Fawehinmi, O. O. (2019). Green human resource management: A systematic literature review from 2007 to 2019. Benchmarking An International Journal, 27(7), 2005–2027. doi:10.1108/bij-12-2018-0438